Learn the basics of choosing a tech stack. And check out some trending technology stacks to watch out for. Read on.
Just as technology evolves, buzzwords in the community continue to emerge. For instance, the word “tech stack” has confused many on its definition at first. So what is a tech stack?
Well, a tech stack pertains to a set of technologies used by developers to build a project. It can be a mobile app, software, or website app. A tech stack has two basic elements—front end and back end.
The former defines the technology on the client’s side. It’s the one responsible for the face of the application where users can interact. For example, front-end developers focus on the behavior of buttons, graphics, and other page elements.
On the other hand, back-end developers work on programming languages and frameworks. These experts also make sure that servers and databases are secure and reliable.
Importance of Choosing the Right Tech Stack
Here comes the critical decision of all—choosing a tech stack. It will determine all the factors to consider in your project.
Choosing the right mobile or web stack determines the kind of app you can build. Take note that each tech stack has its pros and cons. Some allow easy scalability, while others are better suited for advanced customization.
Several stacks are even geared towards a specific audience niche. Others are best for projects with interoperability capacities. Meanwhile, a couple requires regular maintenance for optimal performance.
Moreover, choosing tech stacks also decides the types of developers you should hire. Remember, there are numerous technologies available. And if you don’t hire an expert, things can go awry. Or worse, the wrong team wastes your time and resources.
Yes, you can change your stack in the middle of the work. But that is a risky move that can cost you more than your budget and timeline. That is why it’s best to plan the specifics with your developers before the project starts.
Your Ultimate How-To Guide in Choosing A Tech Stack
Do you need a hand in picking a tech stack? No worries! Our how-to guide will help you tread the right way. Let’s start.
1. Define project specifications early on
Okay, so you have finalized the functionalities of your app. But the decision doesn’t stop there. There are many project specifications to consider, which can make or break your project.
- Project Type—Depending on its scope, the type of project is the major factor in choosing a technology stack. For example, you’re planning to build a quick minimum viable product (MVP). Then you can take advantage of Ruby on Rails or Node.JS. Both have flexible syntax and open-source libraries, so development has a quicker turnaround time.
- Project Size—Another significant thing to consider is the size of your project. A simple tech stack works efficiently on smaller ones. On the other hand, large and complex projects may require a number of specialized tech stacks. This way, your core framework can effectively handle the vast amount of data. For instance, projects dealing with huge volumes of data can use Python. With its calculation capabilities and libraries, such as NumPy and Pandas, it can meet your requirements.
- Budget—Your project’s budget determines the underlying allocation of resources. There are varying expenses that need to be dealt with. So allocate money for hosting, technology licensing fee, development team salary, and maintenance cost. Remember, the more advanced technology you choose, the more it costs to hire a team of experts and purchase the technology.
- Timeline—Are you in a hurry to launch it? Then choose a tech stack that enables you to do so. Tech stacks with reusable code snippets and huge libraries for support are perfect for shorter timelines.
2. Organize your development team wisely
Always take into consideration the expertise of your team in choosing a tech stack. No matter how advanced the technology is, it will not work if no one knows how to use it. In the end, you’re only wasting your time and resources.
Therefore, choose your developers wisely. Make sure each of them is highly skilled in dealing with all the layers of the chosen tech stack. And if you’re planning to use new technology, consider the learning curve and its effect. It may be risky to use the new tech, or you may need to hire another expert for it.
3. Think about the purpose of the app
Building a good app relies on how you understand its purpose. Once you know its intent, deciding how to accomplish its functionalities and other specifics becomes easier. You can also hire the right people when you know what you’re looking for.
Each programming language, tool, and tech stack answers to specific needs. Hence, think about what you want to achieve with the app to choose the right tech stack. Consider these questions in your planning:
- Is it a mobile app? If so, will it be for an Android or iOS device?
- If it’s a web app, what browsers will it use?
- Will it need high-security protocols?
- Can it be accessed without using an account?
- How many visitors will it receive daily?
- How big is the data that it needs to process and store?
- What is the user demographic?
- What functionalities does it need to have?
- What are its key expectations and requirements?
4. Factor in the upkeep
The app is almost done, but does your work end there? Well, you still need to schedule ongoing maintenance after its release.
It contributes greatly to the stability and security of your product. Thus, pick tech stacks with reusable code and scalability capabilities. These are easier and cost-effective to maintain.
5. Think about project scalability
Anticipating future growth is a must in your development plan. It helps you avoid difficulties in scaling your project. And, it also helps you invest in the right tools while developing the app or during maintenance.
There are two types of scalability. First is vertical scalability, which determines the ease of adding new features using a specific tech stack. And the other one is horizontal scalability. It projects the ease of scalability in terms of managing user growth. Both requirements must be met by your chosen tech stack.
What is the best strategy? Look into technology stacks and tools offering flexibility and interoperability. Also, consider programming languages offering more stability. And lastly, think about using mature technologies. The more mature it is, the bigger is its community, and the more support you can get.
6. Weigh-in overall security and data safety
Security should also be a priority when you’re building an app. This is especially true if you’re dealing with massive user data and personal information. At some point, you may even have to comply with licensing or regulatory requirements. Therefore, select a tech stack that offers more secure technology, such as Ruby on Rails.
7. Remember to use analytics
Make it easier to manage bugs and errors by using product analytics. The platform’s design enables developers to bind data sources in the stack. It will then provide granular user tracking, which helps developers in improving the user experience within the app.
Choosing the right tech stack empowers your project from start to finish
In conclusion, choosing a tech stack can make or break your success. That is why it is pertinent to use the right one to avoid costly mistakes and inefficiencies. It may sound that work is cut out for you at the start. But once you have taken the first step on how to choose a tech stack, everything else follows smoothly.
Now, do you need help with your software development? You have come to the right place. Full Scale can help you build your development team quickly and affordably. Our developers are highly skilled at various programming languages, such as Ruby on Rails, Python, C#, and many more.
What are you waiting for? Contact us today for a FREE consultation.